Disclaimer: This post is in no way intended to frame any religion in a negative light, and the primary source for this post is this Wikipedia article. I understand if the views presented as common in this post do not square with your personal views, they are meant as generalizations and I in no way claim to be an expert in any religious study.
In this post, the word “prophet” is used to refer to any person who, in a given religious tradition, has held the audience of any of said religion’s gods. In this case, some of the prophets of Islam include (names in Anglicized form) Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad. Jesus, again, I’m generalizing here, is regarded as a prophet and leader of the Jewish people in Islamic tradition, born of the virgin Mary and who ascended into heaven rather than being crucified. Both Jesus and Muhammad are descendants of Abraham, with Muhammad being the descendant of Ishmael, son of Abraham and Hagar, while Jesus is the descendant of Isaac, son of Abraham and Sarah. Of course, one major difference between Islamic and Christian views of Jesus is that (many) Christians regard Jesus to be the literal son of God or God incarnate who died for the sins of humanity, while (many) Muslims reject such claims.